Supplication in Islam (Du'a):Part one


Supplication in Islam (Du'a):Part one
This is an extract from “Supplication”, written by Abdulaziz Addarweesh
In addition to formal prayers, Muslims "call upon" God throughout the day.

In the Qur'an, Allah says:

"When My servants ask about Me, I am indeed close to them. I listen to the prayer of every supplicant, when he calls on Me. Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me, so that they may walk in the right way" Qur'an (2:186).

In the name of Allah, The most Beneficent, The most Merciful.

The subject of Supplication is very important. Every Muslim must know how to supplicate the way that Allah has directed us. I found it very important to write about this subject to guide our brothers in Islam to perform this kind of worship the correct way. I also ask Allah (SWT) to guide me to do good deeds and May Peace and Blessings be upon the Prophet, his Family, Companions and all of his followers to the Day of Judgment.

Proofs of supplication from Qur’an

All mighty Allah (SWT) said :

“And when My slaves ask you (O Mohammed) concerning Me then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by my knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led to the right path.” (Qur'an 2:186).

Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was asked by some of his companions; "Is Allah near so we invoke him or is he far so we call him? so Allah revealed this verse.

Allah is near He can hear the supplicant anytime anywhere and respond to him if the supplicant invokes Allah (SWT) with a sincere heart and avoid interdictions of supplication.

Allah also said:

“Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret, He likes not the aggressors." (Qur'an 7:55)

Supplication is of two kinds. One is worship and the other is a request. So He commands to be invoked with humility which is insisting in request and continuously in worship and “secretly" not loud to avoid "Ryea" (showing off).

Allah (SWT) also said:

“And your Lord said: -Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness ] they will surely enter hell in humiliation!” (Qur'an 40:60).

Allah (SWT) said:

“Invoke Me, I will respond to you”, so from His mercy for His slaves He has promised to respond to their invocations but for those who do not invoke Him, He has promised punishment because invocation of Allah (SWT) is an act of worship and refusing to invoke Him ( disbelieving in Him or having doubt in His ability to answer the invocation) is refusal to worship Him.

Proofs of supplication from Sunnah

Narrated An-Numan bin Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (PBUH) said:

"Verily, Supplication is worship”. [Reported by AI-Arbaa (The four) and AI-Tirmidhi, graded it Sahih (sound)].

Narrated Anas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (PBUH) said:

“Supplication is the Pith (essence) of worship”. [Reported by At-Tirmidhi with a full chain of narrators].

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (Ra): The Prophet (SAW) said:

“Nothing is more honorable (most liked ) before Allah (SWT) than Supplication “. [Reported by At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim graded it Sahih].

From all the, Hadiths above we see that Supplication is a type of worship and it is honorable to Allah or liked by Allah (SWT).

Manners of Supplication

* Supplication should start with,
"In the name of Allah, Praise is to Allah, and Peace and Blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and should end with (Peace and Blessing be upon the Messenger of Allah)".

* Supplication should be performed secretly and with a present (sincere) heart. Allah (SWT) said:

"Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret, He likes not the aggressors". (Qur'an 7:55)

* Supplicate Allah (SWT) with humility and express your need of Allah (SWT). He said:

"Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before us" Qur'an (21:90)

* Insist to Allah (SWT) in your supplication by repeating it many times.

* Invoke Allah (SWT) by His Names and Attributes. He said:

"And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them" Qur'an (7:180).

* Supplicate Allah (SWT) by mentioning the righteous deeds you have done. Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), that he heard Allah's Messenger (PBUH), saying "Three men, amongst those who became before you set out until night came and they reached a cave, so they entered it. A rock slithered down from a mountain and blocked the entrance of the cave. They said: “Nothing will save you from this except that you supplicate to Allah (SWT) by mentioning the righteous deeds you have done etc." [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim].

* Admit your sins during your supplication. Allah (SWT) said: "Dhan-Nun (Jonah), when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him. But he cried through the darkness (saying)"

"La ilaha illa Anta (none has the ,right to be worshiped but You) Glorified be You, Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers" (Qur'an 21:87).

* Repeat each sentence of your supplication three times. From the long Hadith Narrated by Ibn Masaud (may Allah be pleased with him), And when the Prophet (PBUH) finished his Salat, he raised his voice and Supplicated on them and when he supplicated, he supplicated three times...." [Reported by Muslim].

* Face the Kiblah (Mecca) during your supplication. Narrated Abdullah bin Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him); Allah's Messenger (PBUH) went out to his praying place to offer the Salat of Istisqa (rain). He invoked Allah (PBUH) for rain and then faced Al-Kiblah and turned his upper garment inside out. [Reported by Bukhari].

* Raise your hands while supplicating Allah (SWT). As in the Hadith of Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him); when the Prophet (PBUH) had finished from the battle of Hunain, he said:

"the Prophet (PBUH) asked for water, performed ablution and then raised his hands saying 'O Allah forgive Ubaid Abi Amir.” [Reported by Bukahri and Muslim].

* Be in the state of Purity during your supplication.

* When making supplication for others, start with yourself first then include others. Allah (SWT) said about Noah (PBUH)

"My Lord, forgive me and my parents and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women.." (Qur'an 71:28).

* Do not be aggressive when you are supplicating Allah (SWT) such as asking Him to make you a prophet and you know there will not be a prophet after Mohammed (PBUH) or make you live for ever and you know every one will die.

* Remember to include your parents in your supplication.

* Be patient. Do not expect an immediate response from Allah (SWT) although this could happen. But if it does not, then you should be patient and continue supplicating Allah (SWT) until you see the results. Narrated Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him); Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said:

"The invocation of anyone of you is responded to by Allah (SWT) if he does not show impatience by saying; 'I invoked Allah (SWT) but my request has not been granted” . [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim].